The average GMAT Score
The U.S. News reported that among all the MBA programs that recently provided data on GMAT scores, the average was 630, much lower than the 722 average among the top 11.
- Stanford University (CA) – Average GMAT score: 733
- The University of Pennsylvania (Wharton) – Average GMAT score: 732
- The University of Chicago (Booth) – Average GMAT score: 726
- Harvard University (MA) – Average GMAT score: 725
- Northwestern University (Kellogg) (IL) – Average GMAT score: 724
- Yale University (CT) – Average GMAT score: 721
- New York University (Stern) – Average GMAT score: 720
- Dartmouth College (Tuck) (NH) – Average GMAT score: 717
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Sloan) – Average GMAT score: 716
- Columbia University (NY) – Average GMAT score: 715
- The University of California—Berkeley (Haas) – Average GMAT score: 715
Overview of the GMAT Test
GMAT® stands for Graduate Management Admission Test, and it is a standardized examination that most business schools require as it measures a student’s academic skills and knowledge. The GMAT does not come with questions that measure your knowledge and understanding of business standards and practices.
The GMAT is a computerized examination that can be taken on six days of every week in the year. You can take the GMAT at practically any time you wish, you should remember that you can take the test only once per month, and up to 5 times on an annual basis.
The Graduate Management Admission Test is a web-based computer-adaptive examination that is taken every day by many applicants from all across the globe in order to qualify for an MBA program (or some other related academic degree) at most top business schools all over the world.
How does GMAT scoring work
Your total GMAT score is a combined result of your verbal and quantitative scores. It is an indication of how you performed on the multiple-choice parts of the GMAT. Both the Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) and the Integrated Reasoning (IR) sections of the test have no influence on the 200 – 800 score, they are scored independent of the other sections.
If your GMAT score is not in the ballpark, they won’t let you play the game. The GMAT Score Report includes five sections:
- Verbal Score (scaled 0 – 60)
- Quantitative Score (scaled 0 – 60)
- Total Score (scaled 200 – 800)
- AWA (Analytical Writing Assessment) Score (scaled 0 – 6)
- Integrated Reasoning (IR) Score (scaled 1 – 8)
GMAT Verbal and Quantitative Sections
The GMAT applies an algorithm to compute the scores for the Verbal and Quantitative sections of the examination. The algorithm scores in accordance with these factors:
– How many questions were answered within the allowed time
– How many questions were answered correctly in that period of time
– The given characteristics of the questions that were answered (such as difficulty level)
At the start of each GMAT section, the exam gives a question in the mid-difficulty range. When the test taker answers that question correctly, the following question is going to be more difficult, and the score is adjusted upwards. In case the first question is not answered correctly, the subsequent question is going to be easier, and (as you guessed) the score is adjusted downwards. This is an ongoing process, and test-takers are not seeing the adjustments. Score reports will not be revealed before they have completed the entire exam. This ongoing algorithmic process is permanently recalculating the students’ scaled scores as they progress through the GMAT sections.
By the time an applicant has proceeded through a section and has answered more questions, the algorithm has obtained more and more information about the student’s knowledge and skills, and will be calculating a more and more accurate score with continuing greater precision. Herein lies the reason that questions at the start of each section are counting far more heavy than questions toward the section’s end. To give you an idea: when you have come to question 36, the computer already received information from 35 questions to derive your best score range. Even if you answer question 36 correctly, would your score be minimally increased in comparison to how a correct answer would have influenced your score at question 2.
When they have completed the GMAT, applicants must choose if they want to keep their test results or not. Applicants who decide to keep their test scores can see their overall score and also view their Verbal Score and their Quantitative Score. Students who decide not to keep their scores cannot view anything.
How the GMAT Score value is decided
The GMAT score value is decided by the test’s percentile ranking, meaning the score value is set in accordance with the percentage of students that scored at (or below) a specific score: when the percentile ranking is higher, the score is more competitive.
The GMAT’s overall scaled scores are ranging 200- 800, we see that about 50 percent of all students have scored in the 400 – 600 range. A 560 points score puts a student at the 49th percentile, and is for that reason the average score of the entire population of test-takers. The Verbal Scaled Score and the Quantitative Scaled Score are as well determined percentile rankings.
We know that both the Verbal section and the Quantitative section are scored on a scale from 0 to 60, but the percentile ranking for the Verbal Section’s scaled score may be different from the Quantitative section scaled score’s percentile ranking. To give you an example, on the Verbal GMAT Section would a 38 scaled score place a test-taker in a percentile range of 84, whereas exactly the identical scaled score would put a test-taker in the 44th percentile range on the Quantitative GMAT section.
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