Adjectives can be used to compare people, places, or things different in degree. So, if you have a one syllable adjective, you use the suffix “er” or “est“, or the words in front of it, “less” or “least“. Don’t hesitate to also check our 236 free and powerful practice testsThe following transcript is provided for your convenience.
So, say we have the word “new“.
And then, we want to make the comparative form of new. We add the suffix “er” to make it “newer“.
And if we’re trying to compare with three or more objects, then we would put “est” as a suffix to make it “newest“. So, that’s the superlative form.
So, say you have one car, and it’s only a month old. You would say you have a new car.
Now, if you have a car that’s one month old and another car that’s two months old, you would say that the one-month-old car is the newer car.
Now, if you have, or you’re dealing with three cars, one’s a month old, one’s two months old, and the other one’s three months old. You’d refer to the car that’s a month old as the newest car.
Now, this is in a positive sense, whichever one is newer.
Now, if we’re looking at this one in the negative sense, we could say the comparative form would be “less new“, and the superlative form would be the “least new“.
So, if you have two cars, again, you would refer to the one that’s two months old, the older car, as being less new.
And you would refer to the oldest car, if you have three or more cars, as being the least new.
Now, if you have a two syllable adjective ending in “y“, you use the suffix “er” or “est“, or you use the words “less” or “least“.
So, say you have the “hungry“.
You’re going to drop the “y“, and change it to “i“, and add “er“. So, change the “y” to “i“, and add “er“, so you get “hungrier“.
It’s similar with the superlative form. You change the “y” to “i“, and add “est” so you have “hungriest“.
So, if you have one person, you would describe them as hungry.
With two people, you would describe one person as being hungrier, or describe the other person as being less hungry.
If you have three or more, you would describe one person as being the hungriest, or you would describe someone as being the least hungry.
Now, if you have a word with two or more syllables, you use “more” or “most“, or “less” or “least“. So, notice here we’re no longer using suffixes.
So, if something is thrilling, and you’re comparing it with something else, you would say that one is more thrilling.
And then, if you have three or more, you would describe something as being the most thrilling.
And then, in the same way as before, you would describe one as being less thrilling, or the least thrilling.
So, say you have one amusement park ride somewhere. You would describe it as thrilling.
But, if you’re dealing with two rides, you would describe one as being more thrilling.
But, if you have a whole amusement park full of rides, you would describe one as being the most thrilling.
Now, there are some words that we call “irregular“, and they’re irregular in the way that we form their comparatives and superlatives.
A great example of that is the word “bad“.
The comparative form is “worse than“, which isn’t even another form of “bad“.
And then, the superlative form is “the worst“.
So, that’s a look at unequal comparison adjectives.