# Identifying a Logical Conclusion

Every piece of writing should have a logical conclusion, and it’s your job as the reader to identify that conclusion, mainly for the purpose of helping you to understand whether you agree with the writer or not, because you don’t want to just read a piece of literature, you want to analyze it. Don’t hesitate to also check our 236 free and powerful practice tests

The next lesson for you: Inductive and Deductive Reasoning; these lessons are included in the Math practice tests.

The following transcript is provided for your convenience.

So, one step in that process to better understanding it is identifying the conclusion to know whether you agree with the writer or not.

So, now, I want to talk about how to identify that conclusion. So, you’re going to need to infer a lot or make an inference, and to infer something just means to take what you already know and combine it with something else to draw a conclusion.

So, it’s pretty self-explanatory, and so, what you’re going to have to do is you’re going to have to combine two things, what you already know with the information found in the text.

So, I’m going to draw a double arrow there, because to make an inference, you’re pulling these two things together, everything you find in the text, any pre-knowledge you have, and you’re pulling that together to draw the conclusion.

And a conclusion should be obvious. If a writer does a good job in their writing, then the conclusion should be easily identifiable. Otherwise, you may draw a conclusion that is not the conclusion the writer had in mind.

But, nevertheless, it’s important that you, as the reader, analyze the writing, and identify the logical conclusion.

Mini-test: Identifying a Logical Conclusion

1. Read the following short newspaper article:

As most readers are aware, our city has been struggling over the last several years to keep downtown businesses thriving. Locals often report that access issues prevent them from shopping downtown. Last week the city of Clarion reported in their local newspaper that the addition of two new parking lots in their downtown area increased the surrounding business revenue by 7% in the last year. It is also well known that Moville and Clarion are similar in terms of population and city characteristics. Moville is currently looking for ways to increase downtown revenue and is open to the public for suggestions.

What’s the logical conclusion to this paragraph?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Agent Smith is in charge of all of the canine teams in his sector. Fifteen canine teams are stationed in his sector. Most of the canine teams are located at stations along the border. Several canine teams are located away from the border in large urban areas. All of the teams must be available to travel to any duty station within the sector.

What’s the most logical conclusion to draw from this information?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Mini-test: Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

1. Choose the answer(s) which correctly complete(s) the sentence.

Inductive reasoning, or ‘bottom-up logic’, …
A.
B.
C.
D.
2. Choose the answer which incorrectly completes the sentence.

Deductive reasoning, or ‘top-down’ logic …
A.
B.
C.
D.

The next lesson for you: Inductive and Deductive Reasoning; these lessons are included in the practice tests.